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ABA II
PCCK COM HM

1.

Xo ec eoeo 40-x oo, paea ooe caoo aao, o o oe ep pa peooo ee oe coe opypoa ocoe p ee pocoepa, oope oo paac 60 70 o. pee ceo ec e pycc ap, a ce cao aa, a epe ay, o paea pyoy coaoy co, o . o yeo coe cpyype o e cee ec eece ep, o eep aao, coe ceacy, eaeo yee e, ocoo paaa cee poopee e opeoc coo a, a oocoa cox cpee yey, oee cpaeoy coaoy cpo. ec eoeo cex apoa ceo ocpoc e, o ypoe eo opaoa e co, o o e a ocpax o aoc c e, oop yee, opx py. C eree o aoc, a opao, epe pacca aya. ec poe epe ce ca ex yee yypoo pyccoo co oo pee. O o oepe xeae, ae, eeae, oo epee epaxacy, opa e payco epayp payco coaceco c. O , pee ceo, aeae epayp po, ep oe ya oo aao opeca ax ex poaco. Ca o oaa xyoeceo ocpoc cocoe ceec cye, o o ca pooaao oo a yceco, oeceo p, oopo cyeo o crpa opoy po cop eecoo coa. ecoo o xapaepo pyccoe cae eocoo pocoepa, oopoe ae oe a ce opoc , coee eopeec paec pay, ococ oocoae coa ea. eoca paa, a oo pac H.Mxaoc, oe e ecoo, ec paa-ca paa-cpaeoc. Ta e e eococ, oaapoc ye y H.eopoa a peoo oe apce-ee. Pycce p-yc cea yy pooea eocoe epae, cea yy oe cy cpaeoc, cea yy ye . ec ep, aoee oape pecaee oo a. O ye yepae coay po epaypoo . Pycca coaa c cpaac o opo epaypo p, ooy o o eyp yco oa e ora ce ae pa.

B eo o peo, oopy epe ec, aoee epece ae pc eeaca[1]. Pycca c epea a pca eeaca, y Xooa pc peo, y ecoo pc . Ooo ooc, oop epecoa pyccx e 40-x oo, yeaxc eee, opoc o ooe eceoc. Mc ee o payoc eceoc, oopa y caoo ee ea aocec cc oaaa pae oo ece payoo, Pocc a epea oe apeo yeo, o a eepo . eco, ere oo oa ocepao peooo, o opo paoe eoe eee, o ocoo pyccoo ocyapca, oopo e ooee acooo yxa, o e epe aey ec peooy ay ee, opo Mapca.

Pycce eea 40-x oo caaa o ee ocepao cooa c o payoc eceoc o cce, o yo ppc c opyae eceoc, eceoc oaeco ox ye e pay. Tao oe ocepaoo eeaca epe ec ay, peoooro eepaea, oope oo p peoooy . Pycce poa-eac 40-x oo ea o coao eceoc p c, aa, epayp, opae p e. O cpaa o ypoca epa eceoc, o ecc ee epeea. Paa c eceoc ea pyccx e eece, paoa x e. O e o p eceoc e ppe c e, a op c e. Ho eeace aaac oooc opae eceoc, oopoe oe oy oo cc. Toeco e ec e oo epeecee ee, o epeecee e e. ecoo oe 40-x oo oce eo epo pooo ypoe cpacoe opaee coao eceoc, o e ppe, a op. opa peoarae opaee eceoc, peaoc. Meaeoe ooee eae eooo opy. Ho y ecoro o pae opy pca eeaca, c oop c ea, peooa pycca c opae o ooe pyccoo apca, oop o opac ere, o o eo aey . B oce epo ec pxo peoooy coay ocyey . o ao cee paee aeaex cax ayy, oope capo Pocc e o aeaa. y po ere ec y o o, eoeeco oc, a opa a y eoeecy oc pepaac opy a coacecoe ycpoco oeca. Ta opypoaac xapaepa pycca e yacecoo coaa.

ec pee ceo c oo coe cpacoc occae po oeeoo eaa, aeoro o opeo , oop poc epy pooy yxy, oey yaoe, y eoeecy oc. Cya cyea, yya, oc, e ec, aee cy ceo pa pa acoro epaopa (.e. eeeco Allgemeinheit), Kac Baey oocoy oay, opaaec ec ee, o co ce ooa Baey occoy cepcy yaee, ec e oec Ba, o ec e yaoc e a epx cye ec par, a opoc oa e oe o cex epax yco cop, o cex epax cyaoce, cyeep, a II p., p.: ae c epxe cye pocac o. e xoy cac apo, ec e yy cooe ace aoo ox pa o po, oce o oce ox o o o oe. oop, o capo ec ycoe apo: oe o oe oo ycaeo eoao, o y, oeno, e ex, oop cyeo pa coe yac e capo.

o oe ae oceye pycco poea coa. Ty ocea poea eo, poea opaa cpaa, oopa ec ocoa pycca poea co pyccoro aea, poea e popecca, oopa ye pa ouy po coao c 80-x o. ec peocxae ocecoo, a ye epea poa aa Kapaaoa cee peea, e aaac aea ooecoo eee o Beo . oa aec, o cx aa Kapaaoa ocoec e y ecoro, oopoo o xopoo a o c oop cop. ec epeae oae oeoee oce paoapoa eae. O aec peooepo, aec oaco. Oe ao, eco pycc peoo coa oa coeec, . coo oro aea o cocpaae , eooo ppc c ee oa eoepoo a cpaa . o ae opaoo aoca, opy cpae. ococ ye pacpa y coeopay peoy cxoo ey . cocpaa eoey, po oeo (, pay, yxa, oa), aeo oro eoe, c eac . ec aeaeoe ceeco o opao-xoe cox pycco coaa. y po oeo o epexo o opy a oee, a eeeco, a eo coay opaa. ec e aae, , oepy ce ee, pae aee e, o cpo oe oc ooy ey. ey pecaec, o ooe ee, o ooec a a pycc eoe e oe e ooc ey-o o yepae o oc. Toe caoe ye pocxo 60-e o. Coaoc, coaoc cep! ocae . o e o, o e oee, oa paa . pae o.

B Pocc oe 40-x oo ye o e aeec poecc c, oop epa pocxo eo eeace, y eepaxa Mapca. pocxo pap c oee eao epexo opeo ece. ec poaec, o ero coce coa, Mapaoco o eoeecy. Cpa eoe, e ec, oa o ooy aaec aa-y ceca eeoc. Tao ooe pycc eoe, ero ooy aco aaec aa-y ceca eeoc. Oe aeae coa ecao. cocpaa ec oo pooea paco ecooc. Kpo eoxoa. oo, o ocac oy ac eoeeca, oo cec ooy xo co c. ec peece oecco opa. O oop, o a y, o x aco yo c cac. ec paec, o, y o ape, pao o cpaeoc. O coe . O ep, o acae pe, oa e ye oax, e ye ex.

ec aae ya, o pycc apo aecec apo, o o ee coxpae o o Xpy ex eacx. ec e coe ooe eooa co oo o nooy eo epeca c py. co o, oeo, e oo aeao xoo o ya. ec e oo peaee, pooeo . O peoo epa, o coao pa. e epaa ypa cop pycco c caocoa XIX ea. o 6oee pyx oe ocae ey eeao pyccoo oya, a o o peeceo, opao oee, e epe p. 40-x ae 60-x oo. O o oyy e oo o coey opaoy coa, o o coa . O e e apoeca, o pae ooeoe aee ycpaoro pa ae oo pa aee 6ypya, opo epe oe, coce a ocec pycce .

o ecoy oo ya ypee o, opoe pocoepae pycco peooo ee, oopoe ye ooe pe ococoa oe oo opo pycc oy, o ye o copeco ocaoe, Mo , yo e pee ceo cpaco, eoye pece po a, ecac cpaa , cocpaa ea, oeoe, yee. Ho pycce aoc, cocpaa, eoooc oc cpaae eac . O ea aeca, ooy o e oy p Topa coopeo o, ecoepe, cpaa .. O ca xo coa y p, oopo e ye ax epaeoce . B pycco aee o pocee Mapoy. Ho Mapo ya, o Tope pa ec o o, pycce e aec o yce e ya, o oa coce e, , ec, o , o oro. o o y ecoo. ay poo eaee ooopa c oae poceo . B ee o axo coe aepee. B epocoax pyccoo aea aoeo o oeoe, oeeoe o aa yo eoeo. Ho ocex peyaax pyccoro aea, oy eo, oye ac, eoeoc epepoc oy eceoeoc. o o peeo .

e e coa oo ye y . O pee ceo opaae ae a y eoeecy oc, a epeaee e cpaa, pee ceo xoe yep ee ococo pao a ooy . O occae po oeo, po pooo yxa, po eaa o o o eoeeco oc. Ho apaeoc eo oe cpo eec oc ooaec coa e, oeco. Oeco, ooe oeco, oopoe oe coao ye peo, oe a eoeecy oc o ecepx cpaa ye. oa ac oeca, cocaa apo, peepeae ecpaee cpaa ye. Ho cea apaeoc coa a oeco a eoxooc eo paaoo ee pee ae cao eoeeco oc, oo ee , ee paa a yxooe coepae . poea oeca ooaeo oee poey eoea. Peo epae oee, aee eoeecy oc, o oa oae eo o o, oeco, oopoe peye cee ooo oe eoea. o ec pooa aea pa peooo-coaceco aececo c. Pycc ae, oop oaac ca c coao, ec peo eoe. B ocoe eo eaa o pae. ec ye poy ceac yxo, oop a xapaepe pycco peooo .

ecoo e aa cpoo cce coa apoo. eo e o xapaepo apoo ep a. Ho y eo ye opypoa a pa, oope e ocoae apoecoo coaa, p epxoeca eoeeco oc p oo, coaceco opraa eoeecoo . oc apo e ocox e pyccoo apoecoo coaa. opao oee xapaepe apoecoro coaa epe. epe oee ece a aae, e ec, o pa, aa ooe ypa Kooo, ca c aa coacec ee eo epeee a ocpae . O ropao oee yac yac, e . Ho, a o ye oopeo, o paoapoac aae ca cace pycco ye, oopoo coce e eapoa ec. B eco ye oea apcc. opaeee ceo, o pycco pecce, e ycox peocoo paa, eo eeapoo pocee, epe e óy paeoc pa oc, óy eo yaoc, e y epoecoro eoea, caeo eao. B pycco apoe coeaec p oc c po ooc. C y epe eaec ocooooo apoecoo coaa, oop aoeo pa ocae 70-e o. epe ep, o Pocc ee ye ocyecc coa, e a aae, e ye eac. Ka oe apo o po oeco peo, oopa oe oy Pocc a aa, ypya y pa. coaco o pe ao peoa ooecx peop, pepa epa, e aoe o pa aaceco ycp, papyae aa ceo a oeca pecco yae . aco o ao coycoa aype, ae oapx. Coac-apo oo oepa oapx Pocc, ec oa cae a ay apoa po op apacae ypya. epe pa a cpaax Koooa pecoa Aecapa II a a ocooe pec. Ho epe, ecop a co peooo-coacece e, ecop a coe pacoe ooee, oaac y ooe 60-x . eoe 40-x roo, pycc yyp ap, yac ce, o e . O e e peooo ee, opao eee e, e . epec, oop paa e apoecoo coaa, pocee epey, c pepee ye oop o epee, o o ap 40-x oo, oop ce ee pooae ya, o o cop caoax c Xoo. B 60-e o ee o oe coae co, pee ceo, ceapc; ope epeca ococoa oc oee ec oee aceec ye , oee peacec a. o eaco 40-x roo, e pecac ooeeo ea. oc c.

2.

H ec xapaepo pycoe ee, ao ope eecoe aao Epoe. B yo cce o aaec acaooe ycee ee 60-x oo eo a eooo paec . T pyccoo ca opae Typee opae aapoa. Ho eceoc ec ee opao oee poe, e capea, eo oo a ooe pyccx coax e, xo ca o cee e coa ee. Hcece oco ec y ea, xo o e pyy oxy. M ce c, oop . Pycc opa oa, yx, yy, op ce eoc. e e eee yo pa pero eoeo. Bo o a yxoo oe paoca, o o oy ye oye paocay . o ec epya aay paocaa acea, eaoaa acea. B ocoe pyccoro a, oo coe ye, e paocaoe poopae, oyee pa ea o e, pae pexooc coo oaca poco , coo opecoo a cycce, c. oo paocao acee yacec ee, o ae apae po opeco oo oaca eoeeco yaoc. H cae pexoo poco e oo cycco, eay, yxoe eoc, o pe. Bce o oa a aca eoro eoea, aca pyooro apo o eoepx cpaa, a coae yco caco , a yoee cyeep pepaccyo, ycox op oex e, opaoax eoea eax eo cac. o eoe a opey, ce ocaoe o yaoo.

B yceo cepe yo aceec oocoac ecece aya, oope papya cape epoa, epa pepaccy, eco ooe, oopa y opaa oee cpaeoo coaoo cpo. H e ea pycco . O ec occae po epa cop, po a, peoae, o cop o aaac coepeo oa, ecopeca epxcopeca . H ec peoae ooe, coee c ce cex yypx opo, pepaee o cex copecx pa, aca aypaoo eoea, a oopoo e ye oee aaac ax . ce ace a ae cee paee aepae, oee yoea oco a oea rpexo. Pycce c 60-x oo e y e oo capea, o epecoo, opooa p, pycc pocee, o o opy ce copec pa, o poooaa pay, cyecoae oopoo aece aepaco paa e or, ce epoa pepaccya pooo. Ho pyccoe poceeco, o acacecoy xapaepy pyccoro apoa, cera oopaaoc . Boep po e . B Pocc aepa p coce xapaep, e a a. Maepa pepac coeopay oay eoo. o opaae pae oyco. Ho ye 60-x . aepa oy y eooecy opacy, o ca opao ae a a cpa coeopaa ceca acea. coa aepacec aexc, oop ycoe aaec po co eo pycco . He aepaco o pao paceo . Ec e aepac, o a a opaoee eoea apoa. oee pyccx co aye o ooooec. Haya, o oopo oac, a opao, ececee ay, o pe opaee aepacec e, caa peeo ep, oa a pepaea o. B Pocc o pe aeaee yee, oope -peca ocoeoe ee. Ho c-pocee e . o epye oaec epye. Meee ceo coce ce. Meoecoe coee eapa ao oxo ca, a ooe pycco ppoe. Tec pycc eoe e oe oo coeac, o ce ooo cpo opaoa cee oa eoco, oao oaa ce oy oay. Pycc ce ec aa Pocc . B pycco aepae e o eo ceecoo, o epy.

B e eoppoao e opaac ee oa epa pyccoo paocaoro peooro a epeeoc a oe paoca poe yyp. Aceecoe paocae coeaoc opaaoc yyp, coo o e pexooc yypo . caaoc yex coex ex pyccx caee ooceo opaaoc x epaypoo opeca. Peooe, opaoe coaoe coee opaaoc yyp, ec xapaepo pycc o. ac ocoo coeac opaaoc ococoo xyoeceoo opeca. Oca opa po ea ce. Bopoc o ee, oopo oyaec yypa, ye ococoa coao c 70-x oo. Pycc yxoo pa eaeo o e, papo c cee o c ycoc o. Pycce ee a o pap, e aae . pexo oac ocyapco, pao, paoa opa, o o opaa opaoee eoea apoa. aeaeee ceo, o pycce , oye cecy opa, eo a ep, a aopy a . O ycpee yyey, o ce o o e e ax ae, o eo , eo, oopy o pa. O e oa a Kpeca, o ce cee coco a ep opeee. O oo oac o xpca coeo pee, oope po oe ao epococooc coao, oaa o xpcaca. epec, oop aco oo , oop, o o pooeye cooy, o ce a cooa oa e ocoyec, o e oya, o o ocaae coo ocecx ee[2]. ea epococooc e cecoro pocoepa ceecye o o, o coeopa peo eeo.

He cyao pycco e oy po pa ceapc, e ceo, poee paocay oy. opoo epec co pooepee yc cea. P paoo eo ee y ac ooc co cee xoa yxooo coco. Cc oo aa o. Ceapc epe paocay oy oya opa y, oopo oy po pae o aceecoro poopa. Bece c e ceapco ooe opo oo 50-x oo aaa 60-x oo apea yp poec po yaooo paoca XIX ea, po eopa yxooo a, npo ocypaco aocep yxoo o. Ceapc aa poac ocooe e pocee, o poac o-pycc, .. cpecc, . He ay po y pao ressiantiment ceapco opco yype. Bece c e ooe poyac aa coao pa, oopa a e opoee xpcaca, oyero oy opy. Ceapc pao pec c coo oy yey cpyypy, oee cypoy, opacecy, peoaey cey, paoay oee eo yeo oo , e a oa , oopo poc opco yyp. o ooe oooe nooee eo pycco yyp. T yyp ececo, opooa, epecoo, co, opacae peooo ere oe o cpae c o opco yyp 30-x 40-x oo, yyp aaaea, . Kpeecoo, Xooa, paocoro, epea. Kyypa cea opayec ocae oee coepex op ye apcopaecoo oopa. eopayc, pacpocpac p a oe co, oa oaec coe ypoe oe, ye epepao eoeecoo aepaa, yypa oe o occ. B ax paepax coe ee 60-e ro Pocc pooe o e poecc, oop pox, ceapox acaax pooe pycco . eee a yyp paoc pee ceo ee apae coa e yyp. o o pepeeo ye ec oce epo ero pa. eac 40-x roo epecoac, ax opao, yaap aya, ocoe, cycco, epaypo. Hc 60-x oo epecoac, a opao, ecece aya oeco ooe, o opeeo ye epec oycecoo ooe pycco .

oa eeca pyccoo a poo cce coa pycco peoooc 60-x roo oe epece opa opooa. Ha e oo e, ao ye poc cece peooe e. o a cpyypa y, oopo xo ce. o oaoo oo caa po opooa o epecoo. opoo oca oce ce e, oopo o ocae ce eco . opoo oy co paocaoe peooe . B ece ee pae oooc o oe . Ca eo aceec. eo o coe yco pexa cooc ocooy . Cae oe pex eo oe y. O e o cee poc, ec o cea co oo ape, co oo ca .. O oe aoe. O eo cox poee, ocoeo co a, o e or ppc c x cep. opoo eoe c, cypo, cepe, e co p, oopa a y e opco yyp cocaa x peec. o a aoa, aceeca o cypooc cepea ya epe epy. O epe epy, opae o, ecpaeoc, cpaa . O e o ppc c e, o y aoo oo, coeoo ecpaeoce cpaa pa ec cea cec Tope. Ty eye coeopa apocec o. opoo opce e, o ypae a a. O ae e oe ppc c eoc a pyccoo yxoeca, c eo ao yxooc, c ocypao, c ocye co peaa xpcaca . opoo ycye ce opye e apco. Eo aa ca, acaa o ooy Ocpocoo, aaec y cea eo apce. eoe ca oe ec ce eoe apco. Hyo poceee, yo peoooe ee ceo cpo . opoo po, o ca o epaype. O e oxo o ax paoce, a cape, opa ce, o eo cea a poco, o aceec pa oy poco . opoo xoe eoo cac eoea oce oep ep pyo e e ae. Ho ca o cac e ae, eo a epaoca o ypae o oe o axo. Pycc oo oo pea cee, a ee oc, r capoc oc oaa xapaep.

H.epec acee y e oo paao ee 60-x roo, o oceyx ooe. Oe oo cococoa eo oypoc o opeo, oop opyaa eo cca a aopy. epec oe cocae poaa peca, p o oee o ocoao a aca oepa ox . O poope ce oa aop oe oo poe ee eaa e Bocoo Cp ceo ex ycox. Cp aopy o ec, a aco o. epec oe po eoe, y eo a xpcaca ya eo xapepe p coc[3]. cae epecoo o o cax ocx e pycoo paeca capoo . epec, a opoo, c pooepe. epoaoe opaoae eo o orococ, o cac ceap. O oe ye eoeo, aco oec, a oocoe, ooo o o co ee, a cop ececee ay, o pee ceo, ooco. Ka ooca eo e e Mapc. eo ae ca ceac ye, , ec o e ca , o ceo ooy, o yee oeceo opo. Ho o e e eoeo e eae eoea cpacoo. O ca paoyee poa, o oe epayp aao e oaa. Hecop a opy yeoc, epec e eoeo coo yyp. T yyp oe o cpae c yypo e 40-x roo. B e o eyce, peceoe ceapca paoa. epec aepaco, oceoaee eepaxa, ee c e eaco e, a opoo, a ce ye pecae peooo ceco . B e ae ca a aceeca epa. Kpa aepa, ococ a a, o yepa acea. apy opa payoo oa o yepa opaa, opy. Mopa o cea oe ce y co, eopeec opax cy opa. ea, cpyaceca eaa, pe cac c e aepao coao ecpaeoc. oo xpcaco aao ocoo ocoa. eac cpyac co aco ppa oe e cae ee epec. ooy o eoo eaa, o ocyece coao pa aa yepa py aepa yap, opa ce oee e, cy oey popy.

epec e yoec poa o ea?, oop ca a aexco pyccoo a, acoo o pycco peooo . B xyoeceo ooe poa o ooo ca eyce, o o oe epece cop pycco . Mopae aae paoro aep a o poa yoo ecpae -. pa aee pycc oroco yxape, oop ye e xpcac xapaep. ea? aceeca a, o-o poe acae aroeco pyccx . epo poaa Paxo c a ox, o aa co xapaep py ce oc cpaa ye. pooe coo oaaa e pooe pacyeoc, oopa ca a eo y oepax ococyx acco, y apecx oepo .., a e y co, e e. a pooe oaaa peoae cpeoc ycax, ocooee o cx ycooce, . Mopa epecoo coa, oeo, pao e paco opa oocpo. Co Bep ao poae pecae coo coacecy yo, opo ycpaac ooepae acepce. Coa epecoo oc ee ac apoeco, ac yoec xapaep, o ye ec oee pyx, o peeceo oya 60 . o pae exao, ocoae pyccoo apca, coe e epeco[4]. He apo Mapc e epecoro ya pycc .

Haoee caocoee epec, a . O e poo ycpaoo pa, ooo o py apoa, o o ca pao pycco; c XIX ea opoc o o, oe Pocc ea aacecoo epoa pa, peae eo cce, o Pocc oe copa o y cpo aacecoo epoa po epe o x op xoca xocy coacecoy. Koyc, ecop a co apc, eo o ac cea. epec eae xapaepoe apoecoo coaa pooooee aoaoo oraca apooro aococ. B aacecx cpaax aoaoe aco opacae, a apooe aococoe yeaec. epec ae peccy . O yepae, o pe c coacec epo pa ye oxo a epoaa epo. epec, ooo epey oo Mxaocoy, ooece epec apoa c epeca eoeeco oc ooe. cex cax eao epaype epec aoee po pae coaco opeeoc ero aee pycco ere, oopa o coey opaoy coa o py ooy XIX ea c o a coaceco. H capecoo a ocaee coax oo, o o o ee peeoe.

Haoee caa a ococa o epecoo. Xo o cxo o aoo aeaeo ce, a eepax, o eo aepa yap opae e oypx ececeo-ayx e oo pee, opao oee yap, e aeec aepa apcco. epec ca ae o opoca ce pecaee pycco yceco . O ocaa o ec, o eceoc e cycca xoe ocpo peacecy cey. B acee epecoro c aceec o. O ye xoe oo a yyp, oop ocopecoa oye, xo aco apaypo ope, ococo ececex ooecx ay, opae pe ea, coa aa epaype cycce, opa coaoo yapa, oee ypee oc peca pea oeca. oeco epecoo xpcace opoee oo aepaca opo a o aa, oop y oyc, ca ye x opoeee e ee.

B oe o epecoo opooa, a pae pyccoo a coceo cce cape opcoe . o , ea ooo eoe, c , o e cec aepa. o papye ce e yc . O oee aa cae, e epec . Cya eo a ec pycca. O apecoa o ooy ooy poce epe oa pe ooo ae, e aca oy ac cox cae. oce ocooe cape copo yep ee coce , o ecacoro cya, o yoy. ooe poceee 60-x oo o aoee yaco, o coa e caee pae, e y . cape epecoac a opao acae oc, ocooee o cyeep pepaccyo, o ceex y, o paox pao ycooce a. cea aca ea capea epaoe aee. o aec ocy ee ye oypa ececex ay. O pooeye aepa, oop o ero aoy yee ocooae oc, o pe a o opae oc. Ec oc eo paaaec cpeo, o oa e oe e ao coo . cape xoe pao ooo eoeecoo a, o epecoao eo oe, e opaa oeca. o o eoeec o aa c peaco. Ty peacecoe ooee co peo poooaae ce eacecoy ooe oo. B coe e cero paca cape ooe peocxae e paoa pycc o. Heoope ep a ceo peaca opae Typee opae aapoa ( e), o e ocoeo yao.

B pycco eeco coe o oe co 60-x roo peoaa eoeec , op oy y ac aeae eac 40-x oo. O pooee a oa XVIII aaa XIX ., caoo c cec . O c peyao epepao pycco yo eeoo poaa eaa. O poc a oe yypoo pyccoo apca. oy oeecoy y, oe aopooy, coce coe cpee, o cooy pepacoy, a oo popoa ocoec, e o oo eaeoc caa cocooc ec, peaa, e e ao pycco e, opoeo apco. oo a e . T cero peaca, pooeae cape, ece c coo coepeo pye ep, aco paaaee o pea po a eaca. Mc peac y c eaeoc poaa, o pa cx oex e, e ex aoo ooe eceoc e peayex, o coe y, oa pe e o oe peox, eaecx ceecx, y eo y ea pya, o pae ececee ay pepae ay yaape, o pooeye opa payoo oa e ooy, o o ocee eacecoo a, aoopo ocee eacec , a ooy, o o xoe ecoaoo paoe oax oex e, oop ooac cax ex epeco.

Ho ypoe ococo yyp cx peaco , opao oee , e eaco 40-x . xep Moeo, .e. ca yrap aepa, ocoa a oypa ececex ay oro pee, pepac aeaex ocoo ca ye. o o cpaoe aee o cpae c eepaxo, aco ocoo. Mc peac ca ca paa a a papea y. eo o cx peaco 60-x oo oe o ee aprye, ca co oyp paao ee, o aaopoae pyo e oapyo cyecoa eoee y. He ae opaoo cca oo apyea; ec oapy yy p aaopoa pya, o o o oaaeco oy aepaa.

(o ecooece ey cepeoc aeoc eoeecoo pca, oop pocxo cx peacx, aoc x oco, x pyoo yapoo aepaa yapa. Mc peac , oeo, pao ce, opa caocoe aee . O peoa o ooe cypoo ace. cape coepa aco orpo ce, opa coepeo ya peaa pycc poaca ca oype paa o . B o ooe yypa popaa oyco oee yepea oa peaae ya ya, pae aee cyccy. aeec aepa eee yape, e aepa -. Ho y oyco exa pae y e po, oopy 60-x oax pao ececoae, peyeceo ooece ay. IIcapec o, o ao e ecpa. e coaoo aaa cycce epaype capee yepaac ae oee pae ope, e oye. Ec popaa pyccoo a a ooco ocyecea pycc oye, o aeca yyp oyc peya oee papyee, e o coeco yype. oee ceo peaca oaao oee oee ecoo a, e eaa 40-x oo, ece c e oee . T yyp oaac oe. Ho capec e a opoa pea po ecoo poaeco eaeoc, eeceoc, eo, ocecoo aa cee, opo p pyy a, xo oocopoey. B e a eepa ecea aca. Opooe ooeoe aee ee eo aca e. Aao poecc oopc y ac p epexoe o a e, coax yyp peeccac aaa XX ea (eacecoe ee o pee), y pyccoro oyca.

eoo oya e ae paaoro poope, eaeo ocoa cex x pee. O xoe ocooe oc, o o occae po cex epoa, cex op, cex oeex e o o ac. Bo ocooe oc o epa pe, oco, cycco, opa, opa yx yxoy . Ho o oa oc, a ee aeceoo coepa, oycoa ee ype , opa pao oc opeco a yxooe ooaee. p yapa ce cee eaope pa oc, oe oc oe, oopa paec ococye a oc. H po acec, e aa ace e . Maepa a aa aceo, eoc e. p oc a e o oocoa ypee a oe . peca oc oaaac eo paa a opecy ooy . aa cape o o oee peoo opaca, o o oe ae o ocooe poopee, o , o e opoc a oc a oe ep ryy. Tee 70-x oo ca paoc a 60-x oo. Ha ee paao ee 70-x oo ye e xep Moeo, a .Ko epep Cecep. pooe epexo o aepaa . Oapyac pea po ac ececex ay. aco occaoe paa ce cycco e opaoc coepeo. Ho e coaoo aaa pooaa ococoa a eec coe.


 

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2001,

 



[1] C. Co ecoo. Ca c. Pea .. 1925 1. B o copa aeaee c e .

[2] C. oe o y o ep o eecx oo, Academia. 1829 .

[3] C. : o e oo.

[4] . : ...