[..] | [] | [ ""]

 

..

 

 

 

ABA VI
PCCK KOMMHM PEBO[1]

1.

Pycca peo yepcaca o co pa, a ca oa peo, oa coepaac o coo epaoaa, o oa e yoo aoaa aoayec ce oee oee o co peyaa. Tpyoc cye o oye opeeec eo eo oce xapaepo, pycc eyapo. Too Pocc oa poo oyceca peo. Pycc oy oe pecac aaa oyo aac. p aoo poa oyceca peo ooa cpaax aao Epo, a, oeo, ce ye o oy. Ca epaoa pycco oyceco peo co pycc, . coe ya, o ae aoe yace epee pycco oye oe xapaepo Pocc pyccoo apoa. Pycc ecca poce epecoy eccay. e ec pycc eoe. B eo xapaepo, paeo e o o-o pycco-oocoe. B xapaepe ea ec pycce ep e ceao ee, a pyccoo apoa: pocoa, ec, pyoaoc, eo ppaca pope, paoc c, cooc cecoy y a opao ocoe. o eoop epa co o aoae o e pycc , oop ae cee eaoe paee .Toco, xo o e oaa cooc ypee Tocoo. e cea ooo yca, o . Po ea ec aeaeaa eocpa po oc pecx cox. e ooy o ca oe peo peaoa co ao paoa a, o o e ec pycc . B e ep pyccoo eea-ceaa coeac c epa pyccx e, copax cpox pyccoe . O coe cee ep pecoo, Heaea, Taea, eoa c epa ex e ococx, epa Beoo pycc ocyapcex eee ecoecoo a. B o opaoc eo oo. e peooep-acac ocyapce eoe. O coe cee pee aca peooo e, oaapoo peoooo pocoepa c oc oopyo cpeax op, paeco oe. Too ae ycea oea. O coe cee pocoy, poy cec ace c xpoc, o c oapco. B ee e o eo o peooo oe, oopo o epe e o. B o o pooooe a , a Tpo Mapo, ep eoo pa eeo.

B coe o e opo cy, xopo ce, ce oa paoa, e ecoex copo ae, oop ea ay cooc pycca paaa . B e e o eo aapxecoo o epe e o aapxa, peao xapaep oopoo o cea oa. O epe e o peooo poa peooo paepca. yy peceaee coea apox occapo, oe oeco Pocc, o ocoo oa ep oyceco cpee. O po oycecoe aco oycecoe pae. O occaa po eco oe e oyceco ap. B 1918 oy, oa Pocc po xaoc aapx, peax cox e eae eeoeece yc cpoa pycc apo cax oyco. O pae eeap ea, pyy, ce, oeceoc, a ye, ooeoy cpoecy, a e ooy papye, o po peoooe paepco, oae aapece aooc, o coepae acoe aa a eo. ocao xaoec paca Pocc, ocao ecoec, paec ye. B o ec epa cxoca c epo.

e pooeoa ecoy oy, o o o e eco eoeo. O e , oa ey aoac a ecc ea, oop, o o e eo eo, o o peo eeo. Ho ca o epoo e o ypa ea. B o y eo o oo . O ox, y cec, poaeo aoc o aep coe e, opo aco ea oap. a epa oaa oo Maaapy[2] xapaepoa eo, a eoo ypya, o e coce epo. B oooc e ooc exaoy, oocc ey o c aooee a epoo ca c exao co cpac oee[3]. Paoapoae exaoe, oopo o ye ee ep cao, eco, opeo-pepeoo ooe oapa, o ea paoapoae x ooe. Ho ep oo, oop opee peoooe ooee ea py , a a eo paa, aeaoo eppopceco ee. Oe ea poa o, ocyc o eepacoo a . Koa pa eo ae o oecoy ey, o opyaee oeco oepyoc o ce ea. o ae o oo ea paoapoae . eo paoaoc eco-paoyoe ooee . O e ep eoea, o xoe a opaoa , o o ee , o e o yee eoea eoeo. B oco, cycce, yxoo yype e oe oca eeap eoe, y eo yc ca e 60-x 70-x oo pooo ea. O coe coay peoooc c yxoo peaooc.

e acaa a opao, aoao-coeopao xapaepe pycco peo. O cea oop, o pycca peo ye e ao, ao peca ee cee opep apca. o cea oc oppe . o ocpo eop ay pycco peo ocyec ee. o eeo eaeco ceoa apcy oeeo epeece eo p a pyccy oy. e e eope apca, a exao, a eope . Bce, o o ca, o papaoo eop pa . O oa e papaaa popa, o epecoac oo eo, oopa eee ceo epecoaa pyccx peooepo, eo o axae ac, o ca oo c. ooy o oe. Bce pocoepae ea o pcocoeo exe peooo op. O o, apaee, aoo o peo, ya o o, o ye, oa ac ye aoeaa, a opaoa . e epac, a e aapxc. Bce ee eo o epacec, ccoec. C caa poeoc, yoc eo pocoepa, cocpeooeoc a oo, eoc aceoc c, eeapoc oyo, opaex e. T yyp ea eco, ooe ey o eocyo eeco. Bca papoaoc c yxoo eo oaaa. O oo a, oo yc, o y eo e o opx a, e o oo yceo . O popea a opeeeo e, op ec. B e e o cocooc . O xopoo a apc, e eoope ooece a. o oco o a ceo ,op, cee ceo c epec yoa apce. oe Maxa Aeapyca, oop yee apcc-oe oao yaapc, e poe ey ococy epaypy. Ho y eo e o ococo yyp, ee, e y exaoa. O c opoc a eocoe, oaapoe pocoepae, oopoe eoxoo o op, oopoe oo cocpeooa peooy ep. o oaapo cce o e oo y ooo pa, o peoa p ceo eo. co coe o pe o pa. O pa, o yeee Aeapyco Maxo He apyae eococ oeccoo pocoepa ocae ope. O opoc a eococ oceoaec ope, oa eooa e eocoo, oaecoo epocoea, e opooc. O peoa coaeoc opaoaoc ope po co cxoc. o ocoo y eo o. o oyca ce cpeca op, oce ee peo. opo o eo ce, o cy peo, oce, o e eae. Peoooc ea ea opa co, o e o ec ecpaeoc, ye, cyaa. Ho ca oep acaceco peooo ee, o oe oo oep eocpeceoe pae ey opo o, oep eocpeceoe ooee , oyca oa, o, ace, ecooc. e e yp eoeo, e o oo xopoeo. O ecopc eoe, acoo pea ee, o ae e ocoeo eco aco eoeo, o ao ya o cee. Ho cea oepoc oo ee pea cpaoy cye coa paceoy epepoe, oye coepeo epacex cpec ope. e eoeo cy, pooo eoe, o eo ca.

e peooep o oa oce eo ooy, o c coea aa eocoe, oaapoe pocoepae, e oyca ax apye o eococ. Oca e eoa a ep cpacoc pococ, c oopo o opec po aex ooe o oo, e o e apcccy opooc. O peye poocax, coacx c oaapoc pocoepa, . e. peox, o a oae, a aep, a aey . . o coo, o ce cae apcco, o xoe cy ey coao peo. Ec e aeec aepac, ec co ococx, oceooecx opocax peoaee Maxa, o ee oaapo, eoco peoooc o ce. Koa yaapc pooa aoop o oocaece oocpoece, o, xo o oco coepeo aecec xapaep, e c poc apocc a yaapcoo, oop paea pa oeo. yaapc oc ycoee eocoe apccoe pocoepae, o e aeec aepaco, oo o ocaoo eo oye. yc ee e o e oe ea, o e, yc o ae pea paoey accy, o y x e eococ, o e oaap coe ooe peo. O yco eo paoopa o , o Pocc caaa ya ypyaa peo, o coa ocyec oc epoa aacecoo pa, o yo a pa coa paoeo acca, o pecco acc peao p. Mee ae e paa ocoeoo ae eocoy pocoepa, oaeoy coea aeecoo aepaa, eoope x ooe oca ae, o ye coce yaco, eoaaa, . e. epac a ypyay oco. Bce o ocao peooy o. ea apc ec pee ceo yee o aype poeapaa. Mee e ca eooo aypy poeapaa cecoxoceo, pecco cpae. Mee xoe eopaa, xoe opac a oco. e eopa, o yepae e p oca, a p oopaoo eca. ooy ey aco poca ype ae. O cpo a peo peoooo axaa ac, coce e opac a pae coa opox acc paox a oe ooec poecc. aypa eaa ceo pocoepa ea, o ae cpo coe pocoepae pee aype. O yepa aypy ae oco, pey ayp aeecoo aepaa a c.

e ea, oopy o peceoa c eoao oceoaeoc, o coae co ap, pecae xopoo opaoaoe eeo-cpoaoe eco, opaeec a eoe peooo-apcccoe pocoepae. ap oa e opy, oopo eo e e, oa oa oo aypy a ce ooo . Caa opaa ap, pae epaoaa, a ye aypo ax paepax. Ka e ap oe o aype epa. oecca ap, oopy eee ox e coaa e, oa a a opae pye opaa ce Pocc. Pocc eceo a opaoaa o opay opaa oecco ap. Bc Pocc, ec pycc apo oaac oe e oo aype oyceco ap, ee epaoy opay, o ope oycecoo aopa coe c coe coec. e opa cooy yp ap o opae coo o epeeceo a c Pocc. o ec aypa pocoepa, oopy oo e. e o o cea oo ooy, o o coe cee e pa pa pycco peooo ee ee aoee acacecx eex pa pycco copeco ac ee aoee ecoecx poex. -eopa, ee, coac-peooep ocac epo pa, a o ceo. Ho coe cee e pa, oope axoc XIX ee cepeo pae ope, e o aepa a opaa oycecoo ocyapca ocyec eo. Ka apaocao y, o oe ec pee ee pycco eoepaoc, pyccoo epaa, ep ee o ococoe apco, op ee epoca ep. oe a coe, epaoaoe ocyapco. poo coeee o coo pae c oe ocyapceoy oyecy opa o oaaac cee. oe oe pyccy , a ce cee apoaa ca. Ho capoe pyccoe ocyapco cea o apoa. poea ac a ocoo y ea y cex ceoax a . o oao oeo o cex pyx peooepo. o coa oecoe ocyapco, o cocoa ypae oe oxoee a capoe pyccoe ocyapco. Ho opaoa ac, o cee paoe-pecce acc e oo co opy, c ace. Hya eoca opa, eocoe pocoepae, y cpee . B Mococo apce ep apo epac eco peox epoa. Hoa ea epa aponx ac oa paea eeapx coax. o-pycc pacoppoa apc oaac oo oe p. oa ooo ayp poeapa, oopa ec aypa oyceco ap, pea epec pecae a ea o ea?, acaa ee 1902 oy, a e o ee pacoa a oeo eueo, peca ec opae peooo . B e e opoc a opao c a aae ooo cxoc oa ooo peo. oo opae eocoo peoooo pocoepa peoooo ec. Cxoc e poooaa coaeoc peoooo eca, oopoe pao ococoa a oece poecco. O peye opaa cepxy, a e cy, . e. opaa e eopaecoo, a aop a. e eac a e apcca, oope ceo y o cxo-oeceoo pa. O yepa e aypy pecoo poeapaa, oop Pocc oe ca, a aypy e poeapaa, oopo oe poyo eaeoe eco. e cea aooco cyoc aeopao, o caaoc a ooo oyceco co. yy aepaco, e coce e peco eae pe ce, a opoee ypyaoo yxa. e acoc, o ep acoy cy. Maepay oe pyo ocpo eop oa, oycay acoy cy, o ea o e ecoo. Eo eepoa aoc oco opeeec eo eoco peooo oe. Acoy cy yepae e oae, e ee, a apea peooa o. o xoe oopa e o apeo peooo o. Toaap apc, aeec apc ec acoa ca. a acoa ca ec opye peo opaa . Ho yee, oocoaee oaapy opy oxaay c ooy e oo o ooy, o c, coae, ce opeco yyp oe peeo ep.

Bc cop pycco ee oooa oy. B oy o aoe ep: aa coao cpaeoc paeca, pae acco pyxc c eoeec o, opaee aay ypya, cpeee eocoy pocoepa eocoy ooe , ceaca eepoc, oopeoe paeoe ooee yyo e, cea occopooc, opae yxa yxox eoce, pae aepay o eooecoo xapaepa. Bce ep cea coce pycco peooo ae poco paao . c oca capo ee, e pye oey, e ya cox cocex ep ex, po oo o occa, o copeca aepa, oep a o ooao pea. Capa peooa ee poco e yaa o o, ao oa ye, oa oy ac, oa pa ocpa ce eaco yeeo acoc yeaeco oaaoc e opoee coepeo pyoo, yoo e a, o pe a o o x opoee. B o apaoc cxoa pycco ee, ee pacoppoa oce oeooco peo. ac ee pepaac oyc pcocoa co cxy o yco, pya e ac ee e pa caceco peo, a coe pooe. e oa paoaa o ye , , co epeoc oee eo a ycpoee , oo paoa eoecoe ace, aco ooc . o pooe ee, oaoo oapyeec oye ae. B Pocc oc o apoooec , ooe paee . e oo a a ocy, e ec, e e capx . ooo oy, a 60-x oax, p oe co, oee eaco 40-x oo aee oee ec o, cx oeooco peo, ee cx o, o e poecc pooe oee paox paepax. p o capa ee, eeec caa c c peaca ceco ox, pae y e po, oopy 60-e o pa eac 40-x oo, pecae oee . Bcece ocae a, o aea, oa aae, o pooa o epecoo, oop pepa epea, a oo eaca 40-x oo o coey . Koyc c pepee aa capy peooy paay ee ypyao, a c coac 60-x oo aa ee 40-x oo opco, apco. B oo oyceco e o c ac ec cape o pao cocpaaeoc. B o e paoaac ecoc, epexoa . o o ye oaac oe aop ay ea, o ca aepao opaa oyceco ap, o ca acoa a opoo . Ho ye , pa ococy peo, oaec paoe-pecco cpe, o poe epe cy oey apy. Hoe , pee cy, y pa pycco yyp, x o e epao, e co yyp ceo epo. coceo o essentiment o ooe capo yyp, oopoe oe peca epeo yco ec. ooe cxooec ocec. Hapo poo ycoa epay coaoo cpo, ocoaoo a yee cyaau pyxc, o o poo cpeo ec co cpaaecy o. Ho acy ac, oa o e oea oe epe, ec cpo y apoo epeepyc. o ec poecc. Kpooc cpeoc oe epe cpeoc papeoc. e e o ocyec coeo aa peo axaa ac e epeopoa ye apoa. epeopo o a e, o apo, ppaoa epoa oop ppaoao cye, py o oeac a paoaa ce , oep oooc paoaa e coo ppaoaoo ocaa, oep ay eco oa. Pycc apo epoa eypecoo, oa o o ceco ac e, epee epo exec, oa o oep o ceoyeco a o capoy cy ca oocc ae, a oey. Tae epee oo ye apoa.

e apcc ep cey cc poeapaa. O ep, o p cy oxy poeapcx peo. Ho o pycc ea peo Pocc, cpae coce ocoo. O oaa ceo yoc copeco cya. O oycoa, o eo ac aca, aca aoap oe, epeee paoee capoo . Hyo o cea epy pe poeapcy peo pecco cpae. o oycoa ce coo o coo apcccoo opepca, c oop ey aoea apcc-ee. O pooac paoe-peccy peo paoe-peccy pecyy. O pe ocooac pecco poeapo peo o yce o ee, co cyae apcco-. e coep pee ceo apapy peo, ocooac o, o pae yepa coac-apo. B e o peopaeo e ee peoooo apoeca yapca. Coac-peooep, pecae capo pa, oasac ey ece. e cea ce ye, copee oee paa, o a oe. o copooaoc pooaee oo peooo opa, cooecye ooy cxecoy y o yco. Oa oaaac ye o, e y capo peooo ee, eee yao, e cecec ao ecooc. e ayac, a aeopa. B o o eoe oo ox, ox e oo oycecx, o accx epeopoo. e ec o ooo a, o ae o acc, aeeoo aopco ac. oy yy opaa Mycco ep. Ca ye aoe o o-aopa. e e ec, oeo, a, o ca ye e oxo a a.

B 1917 oy, . e. epe aa e oce o ea?, e e y ocyapco peo, oe caoe epecoe ceo acaoo. B o e e aepa a opaau peo opaa peooo ac, a pacca a ooe pe. aeaeo e o, o o o a aep, aeaeo o, o o eo ocyec, o co pee, a ye ce oe. B e e cpo eop po ocyapca epexoo epo o aaa oyy, oop oe oee ee . oo y cao Mapca e o, oop e pee opeo, a ye ocyecc oy, ae op pe aypa poeapaa. M e, o ea apc ec pee ceo eop paa ayp . Mapca oo o cea aapxece o, opae ocyapco . e peeo occae po x aapxecx oo, o eaopx opaa peooo ac, ayp poeapaa. B yye ocyapco eceo oo oepe a eaooc, o epexoo epo po ocyapca oa ee oee opac. aypa poeapaa, . e. aypa oyceco ap, oaae ocyapcey ac oee c ecoecy, e ypyax ocyapcax. Coaco apccco eop, ocyapco cea o opaae accooo ococa, aypo, ococyx acco a acca yee cyapye. ocyapco oope ooaeo aec opaoa oeco oce ceoe acco. ocyapco cyecye oa cyecy acc. Ho ooe ceoee acco pocxo e cpay oce oe peoooo poeapaa. e coce e ya, o oce opco peo Pocc ooaeo ocyecc oycecoe oeco. peco ee ooe poecc ecoa opa. Bo pe oo oooeoo epoa, oa oeco e cao ee coepeo eacco, ocyapco c co epaoao ac yo ayp poeapaa a ypya acca, x oae. e oop, o ypyaoe ocyapo yo yoa ye peoooo ac, o e opaoaeec poeapcoe ocyapco oceeo oope, o epe ocyece eoaccooo oycecoo oeca. B poo o oaee poeapaa ypyae, epexoo epo poeapcoo ocyapca, ypaeoo aypo, oo pocxo oaee ypya poeapao. B o epoe o yy co pa pox. e opaec coe e, a opao, a eca oco eo . oa poeapa ee yaec ocyapce, o yaec e e epecax coo, a epecax oae cox poo, e ec ee 1875 oy. Ty ec ec peeceo ea. o ey eopa coce e ya poeapaa ocyece oya. Oa e ec y poeapco . ypyaa eopa e oe oopoa oyy, ypyaoe eopaecoe ocyapco oo yoeo ocyece oya. eopa e ya pea oce oe poeapco peo, o pooooa aype. eopaece coo ea ocyece apca . a e e ep peaoe cyecoae eopaecx coo, o ppa epec ypya ee ococo. B ypyax eopax ae cyecy ayp, aypa aaa, ee. o eccopo ec o c. p coae oope ca eopa. epe ac ocyece oya, e oy cooa . e o po oop. aypa poeapaa ye eco ace epaeco. Bope opepcoy oa apca, e yepa pa o a ooo. poea co ac eo ocoa. Bope opepcoy apcy eeo, e e oeco ooeco ocaoc Pocc peyeco ocyece coao . B cpae caoepao oapx, e pe paa cooa paaa, ee ocyec aypy poeapaa, e ax eopax. o eccopo epo. Beo ca oopoc yo ocooac poeapcoo ocyapca. o pee K.. B cpae ycpao ocao, c ao pa aao, ee ye opaoa ooecy coaco oycecoy . Ty e axoc pax pyccoo apoecoo coaa, o yepae, o peo pooe Pocc opao, e o aaoy, . e. cyoc e o Mapcy, e o opepcoy oa Mapca. Ho ce oo poo o Mapca.

Ka oey pepac o ace pyee, o ocyce co coo, oope xapaepy epexoo oyy epo, epo poeapco ayp? Oe ea oe poco, co poco. Caaa yo po epe ypoy, epe pyee, epe eey aypy cepxy. pyee ye e oo o ooe oaa capo ypya, o o ooe paoe-pecc acca, caoy poeapay, oop oec . oo, oop e, py coa eeape yco oeceoc, pcococ o yco, oa yoc ace a , ocyapco oop, aypa oc. Ty cpeaec c oe epec ee. e e ep eoea, e paa e aoo ypeeo aaa, e ep yx cooy yxa. Ho o ecoeo ep oecey ypoy eoea, ep, o pyea oecea opaa oe coa aoo yoo ooo eoea, coepeoo coaoo eoea, e yaeoc oe . Ta Mapc ep, o o eoe apyec a apax. B o yo ea, o yo peaye peaoa. Ooo o e pe. O e pee, o accooe yeee oe p coepeo oe op, e oxoe a aacece. aypa poeapaa, yc ocyapcey ac, paae ooccay popa, oxaay, a aya, c cpay ce cee oy. a oa coeca popa, oee ca, e ppa apca, ec o pepoa acc, oop oe ecoo cyapoa apoe acc. o . poco pao co po oyae 75 pye ec, coec e o, ceac 1500 pye ec. o yooe epaeco cyecye oyceco ocyapce. Coeca Pocc ec cpaa oyapceoo aaa, oop oe cyapoa e eee acoo aaa. epexoo epo oe ayc o ecoe. Te, oope e acy, oy o yc acoa e axo ee, oope, ee ooaeoo ocyece oya. Bo ac cae caoaee a ee yy opoc, a a e, a e a a . Bce o o e pyoopa ea. Ty o ocoeo yoe, oe ae. Coecoe ocyapco cao a e, a coe ecoecoe ocyapco, oo ecye e e cpeca, o ace. o pee ceo ocyapco -. Eo eyapoa oa a e a o aoae oa ypyax ocyapc. Koyceca peo a opao pycco, o ya poe oo e pooo, ex Aa ocac pooae ecoa, pacoppy ce. Pycca peo coepaac o coo apca-eaa, a e apoecoo coaa, oop e a coo cape pa. Ho oey pe apoec coa yep Pocc co eococ peooy ep, o oxc, o ooa, o o pa po epaco, eeco, ce ee ypyao peo, o opo oee pa eopa, e pa coaa, e oe ye pa po peo opco, .e. oe copee, apoo, coaceco. Mapc-e a ce ce eoxoe ee apoecoo coaa, o opoc eo y eoeoc, eo opay eeoc, a oexy aoea ac. O oaac e opa capo ecoeco ac.

2.

Cyee o pycco peo peoaae cyee o peou ooe, a coce ocoo oe oo yxoo eoee cyax apoo. Coepeo eco paoacece opacece cye o peou, ae a o oe, oopa o oo oxo a peo. Peo ppaoaa, oa ceecye o ococe ppaoax c cop. ee peo coaeo oy coea cae paoacece eop o x ea peoy, o peo cea ec coo apoca ppaoax c. o yo oa oo cce: o a, o cap pe ca coepeo ppaoa e opaa oee a cco, o caa peo ocyecec epe pacoae ppaoao apoo cx. Peooep-opaaop cea xo paoapoa ppaoay cx peo, o oa e ec ee opye. e pa paoaco, o ep ooo ooaeo paoaa coa . Ho o e eoeo cy, poa, . e. ppaoaoo cop. Peo ec cya po. Tp o pe oo a peo:

1) peooa opeooa, .e. e ao e yacyx,

2) oeo-copeca, aya, . e. e oaaeo coepax, o e e yacyx,

3) peoo-aoaeca copocoeca oa pe, . e. e px yp ce peo, e yeo epeax oaxc a ee oceeo opo.


Meee ceo oa cc peo peooep oppeooep. Peooep ooeo e oa cca peo, opa e opaec x paoacec e, o coe opaeoc yyey o oy opy ocyece cca, opy ceo cya. Koppeooep, a ecc ecoo opaee pooy, ec cye, epacae o coe coco eo e .

Oee cop oy ooe c pe coo, pacp opoceex copecx p, o o ae e ca cee e o cc peo. O ooeo a eco pacco oop, o peo a eoxoa, eeppoaa po, o pacpe cca e eo copeco ay, o ec ye eo . Ho copoco oe oxo poee cca pco, ec oa peoa coe ocoe. Bpoe oco cop cea eco cce ec eoo cop cea ee coaeo eccoaeo peoy ocoy. Peoa e copoco eeo ee aoaecy opacy.

o peoo copoco, copoco xpcaco pacpaec, o cc peo ec ype aoacc cop. Aoacc e ec oo opoee o oe pa, o cpao cye. Aoacc ec ae opoee o ceae oc oa yp cao cop, yp copecoo ee pee, o cye a cope yp cao cop, oee eya cop. B ae pexoo, o pe oaaec eoo epepoe, ocyaeoe pae. B e cea aoec oo a, oo o, e cea pocxo poecc paoe. Co aco ae a, o oece e axoc ooex, opecx, opoax c. oa eee cy a oeco, oa a eecax ocaoec eeoc peo, oa pocxo pap pee, acyae pepoc, pocxo opee c, oope op pecac ppaoa oope, ec cope cepxy, a e cy, oaa cy Cca a eccce, ece poca o e. Peaoep . e Mecp, oop e c o peaoepa, paa o cc peo[4].

Peo ee oooec cc. Cc o ecccec, a e ocec. Oapyee oo cca apaeo po ex, oope ya, o oeco oe ecoeo cyecoa po cooo, oa e aoc cpae , oa e ap o epaaa, ee ppe aoopa opa, eapoa opaa . Tpyo o ex xpca, oope ca peo eoyco y ee ac po ece c e ca oe oyco paceo opaao oy. Boa coepae ee oe ac poae ee oe . Peo, coepaa ace poaa po, ec pex, o oa ec pex, aco ee o pex, e peo. Bc cop ec aeo cee pex, poopoe ace. pyo xpcaco coec p cop. o ocoo apaoc xpcoo coa. Xpcaco copo, oo ec opoee oa cop, a e ppoe, oo pae cc . ece c e xpcaco oa e oo ecc cop, oo cea caaoc cope, oo cea cy epay cop, oo e oycae ocecoo a a . cop ooy oa oc, oa cya oo, o cop e ocyecec paa Xpcoa. Peo ec a aoacc cop, a cy yp cop. Peo ooa cep, oa ec poxoee epe cep, oopa ec eeoe cece pexa. Ka acy oe ce cop, poxoee pa epe cep ocpece oo , a yp cop yp yao eoea epoec acyae oe cep opoe oo . opeeec yac peo, ee yoc, ee cepooc poa opa. Peo ec pex ceeco o pexe, a oa ec pex ceeco o pexe. Ho peo ec po cop, eopaa cya copecoo . B peo pocxo cy a ca, op epay, o cye c ca op o; peo opo ocyecec ca a, a a ope c ecc peaoa coe opo cop.

Peo xpcaco cop cea cyo a copec xpcaco, a xpcaa, a x eo xpcac aea, a x caee xpcaca. eo xpca peo ee cc oee ceo yo eo ocy, oa ec o aoae xpcaa o eocyeceo pae. p cop ec pe peo, pe ee cca, a aacpoeco pepoc cyax pexooo pa. Oepee coo cca peo eeo oo oec a coo oepee cop. Ho peo yaca ya, oa ypoa accea, a ypoo acceo poee peea, ypo acce y poae aep, ypo oepe ac poac peeo. Taoo poe pexooo pa. a pycco peo, oe oe, e a co pyo, e oce Aoacca. Ce a cye o e c o pe opao, c o pe opao pe opa, opaoo oa paa xoca. Ooeoc eee peo e oe e oaa, o cy o e e ceo c o pe yao opa.

eccopo pycco peo ec pooa epa co . Ho ec ae ea, oa coepac, opaa peo, oa opoea coeopae pyccoo copecoo poeca eceoc pycco ee. He oe ao peo e ye. Koy a aae ec pyoo poa ee. B epe o peo paccaa eey, coyc apoo cpee o oee . apooo coa oe pycco apoo peoe, pao yo, apoo x, oy e pe opoe, o aa, e pycc o ao a peooy apoy cx e ecoeco opaa, paac o yeoy, o paoapoa . o oe xapaepa eea, ceecya o eceo ppoe pyccoo apoa, cea oepaec acoa y e yece aao. Ta apo ocp epa. B pycco peo, a poe o co peo, pooo pacoae coae xaoecx c. Hapoa oa, oa peoe, caaa cpacae c ce ce oo pxo ococy apox acc po xao-ec pacaa, Hapoe acc cpoa -opaoa cx pycco peo epe oyc-ecy e, epe oycecy coy, B o iec-copa acya oya epe pycc ocyapco Poc-c poia oa aapx, aapxec paca, o oca-oe oyceco aypo-, oopa aa oy, oop apo coacc .

Paoee epaopco Pocc aaoc ao. Ko pee peo cap pe coepeo paoc, cepac oxc. Boa ooa poecc . He ae caa, o epaca peo cepa oapx Pocc, oapx Pocc caa aa, ee o e aa, oa e ea copoo. Peoe epoa apoa, oop epaac oapx, aa paaac. H, oop 60-e o axa ee, aa epexo apo co. oyee, ea apooo co, a peeo aececo aepaceco. Ooeoc a cee eoy. epo oepa pyooy po apoo . oeoe ooee ep ooe oapxecoy ocyapcy, yep coopoo yxa, yyp ypoe yxoeca ce o eo poooe . He o opaye, yxoo c. Xpcaco Pocc epeao yo pc. Pooo ypo cy Pocc . Pacy e apoa, paea, o-oy, cee xco, oaa ecoeo ceco oapec. po eo oop, o o oaa apoa, oope ea eoea cape c, o o yope apoa a o. B e cocpeooac cpaa a pyco . Ooe ey ape Pacy peca opao oee yooe ee, e ooeo ya. oce pycc ap ypa paeca, o ecoo pacac a o pooo, o coepeoe ace. O cpeo ep ec cc apco . o yeo epea pap ey ape apoo, o ap. O xoe coee c apoo. ap e e aoo oe c apoo, o oee o apoa ceo ceco popa. Mey e, a o cec ycoa ce apo ape. o o epe cpec c apoo e . o ep eoe apoa, oop oy eocpece oy o opy. ap, ocoeo apa, oep Paya, a apo. O ca coo apoa, peoo apoa. ap ca peoo oop paecx cox coeo apcoa, o xoe oep ep. O e axo oep ce epapx, ooy o oa pac acea o eo caoo. Pacy e pecac ey apo paocae, oopoe e ac po o ap oe oepo eo. ec Pacya, a a apooe paocae, ap apa, ea opooe e, oca epo acoc o xca Pacya, oop aaa ecoo. o o cpaoe yee ep o coepeo opoepoao oapx. Pacy, y paceo paoc o oc o opy, ooaeo occao po oapx ae ocepae opce py pyccoo . Bo pe o, epe epae 1917 oa, ce co oeca, poe eouo ac ce popa popx, , ec e po oapx pe, o po oapxa ocoeo po . o oe . Moapx poo paa ooey po pycco cop, oa ea acy. Ho a po a ao a. Peoo oocoaa pycca oapx a ocyea ce, ocyea oo pe ceo a ace a epo peoo ao, a axpcacy e eapoaa, a oy c ep c oapxe, a pay pocee. o o ocyee ep ee copeco copoe. K oy epec ocee ae.

3.

Pycca peo ooa a oo a apapa peo opaac pee ceo a eooco pec a capy eac x opa-oea oa. B pycco pecce e ce ee ocoa o yacax peocoo paa, o ye eoeecoo ococa pec. Kpece oo c a cox eo paeo. Mp ococyx pepoax acco, npeyeceo opca, x yypa, x pa, e o, ae x , coepeo y apoy-peccy, ocpac a p pyo pac, ocpae. Too apapa peo, oopa ec e oo peo coao-ooeca, o oe pee ceo peo opaa oa, ceaa Pocc ooo aypy poeapaa, epee aypy e poeapaa, a a ayp poeapaa, ooe ay acca e oe. aypa a oaaac ae aypo a pecco oa coepa ecoe ac a peca, a o o p acceo oea, p coa . Ho ace a peca coepac co , e apox o, e apa, e pepoao eo . Kpecy oe e oop , a ec oop, o o oe oop . Apapa peo oaae oe a, ocoao a ococe op oo , opcoo . opco ao ye epecao epeo cocoe, a oo o epy ooy XIX ea, oa ep eo xo e oo ee pycce cae, o peooep. oce ocooe pec opco aao paopc ecc apoaec ypya. oa ac e paeaa . Ho p o ypoe cecoxoceo yyp, p coao eycpoeoc pec, ooee o e cpe pec o ocoo eooco ea o oo ypoe. B ec e ooec, o opao ococoa ap, ce eoaa ocaac o peo 1917 oa. Cpo pooa coco. Cyecoae opox ay, paeax eouo ye ao, cxooec opao ao pece oyee poec, e oee, o pycce ap ooeo ca xoco e aac. o ae opao oee cxooec opa opoc, e co ooec. Pycc peca cea y o pcoo paa o coceoc. Kpece ca, o e o, . e. eoeeco cce. pcoee e oea-opa pece cea ca ao, e epao, a peocoe pao. Ooe, oeoe aee ee o oee coceo pyccoy apoy, ocoeo eopocca, aoap cyecoa . Kpece ea o epo epeee, . e. epeee e ey peca. Pae ep ae, o o ceae ap. Peooa apoeca opaa 70-x oo aaa ce ep epee cooec c acpoe ea pecca. Pycca oyceca peo coep a o ep epee, oa oopaa c e y op acx aee. Ka ca oa peo, oa poea cey coax coe acco. Oa epa ococye, oaye acc oa apoe co, pae yeee yee, oa yoo pa oy coepa o eooec epeopo. Peo ocooa pae coae paoe-pecce c copecoo ea. opeeec ce aya a oya. B pycco apoe oapyac opoa aa ca, oopo pae e aa oooc oapyc. p o ececeo pooo oee ypo yyp, o coa yypa cea coaec ye aeceoo oopa cpaeo yo pyy . oe p ococy peo ypoo, c ypo paee a, c ypo eca. o opeeoc e oo e, o o e paea oy co, oopo paoaac yypa opa aep, oee cooecye o o pepaco, o e, o y x o oo eac, ceoc, essentiment, oope cea ypo, y x e o ee aoo c, e pooo ee . B peox cea ec ypoa . e, oope xo ocoeo ep pacoe, e oy co a peox. Bpoe oecca acca peca c coo opeee c, c o o paoec. o o ax apo pycco oyceco peo. Pycc e cocea popa eapaoc, oopx a oo o o payco peo. ooy pycca peo oee pya, o o oe ee peyeco.

Pycca oyceca peo aeo cee a opeeea oo. e, a Mapc ec, paa opooe aee oe, a caoy aopoy oey pooca oa oyceco peo. B o ooe y oyco ec opaaa oceoc, oopa oe poec eaee eep a oopa ca yepaec, a aeecoe ooee eceoc. Ko e oe oyco eooa a epacecy oy o oe x poecoa? eo oyc, oope poe oa a e aac, peca eoe po coa-eopao epaoaco, xoe copa oy o pae epe ea , o xo copa. ece c e Pocc eo oyc oee ceo pa o o, oa pea x oee. Koyc coac-epaoac, poecoae po o, oo pee, o poa oa oe x o aopa. e ya, o oo o x o cpeoc . o aeeca ecpeoc . Mapc ooe yae, o opo ocyecec epe o, ce epe y. Taoo e ooee aay, oop ec eaee o ecpaeo ece c e ec eoxo y opecy coaa. Ha aacecx apax pooec pyee oyeceoe eoeeco. Koyc cyoc coce e xoe, o oa e cocoac, o oo xoe e coae acc, o oa aacecx ocyapc ec o cpaoe o, oopoe ceae oo eoxo occae po oo a. Koy xoe xoe o, o oo, o oy aoaoce pepa oy . Bec c pyccoo pooo oya e o. Ec e o o, o Pocc peo ce-a oe oo a , o epoo oe a o. Heyaa oa coaa aoee aope yco oe oeo. Pycce o xpaepy coey co acay acacec xapaep pycco peo oe paoooe. pooooe paco oc Pocc acaoo . Ho oo aocepa o coaa y ac oeoocoo oea, ya o oea-oee aoeae. eo oa c ee aa eoa epepoa pycco ee. Meo o epeece yp cpa. oc o apoaoo oooo eoea. B oe o capoo a eea, o ao p, oy, c epo cpeeo oxoo, o ee aoeae, o e cecec cpecax cea oo ac, o oep oe ac oyecy, o poaec epe p , o xoe e oo papyee, o cpoee opaaopo. Too c a oo eoeo pec, paox oyee oo o cea oycecy peo. Ee e o cea c eaee, cocpaae cea oo ocpaa, o capo ee. Ho oe ao o, o pycca oyceca peo poac ecac o ecac, ecac paaaec o, oa e o opecoo a c poac. Bpoe peo cea peoaae ecace, cea peoaae cyee . B o ee pooo xapaep. He eo yacee paaa o, paaaec ap po ooccao, oooo ap. Paoee o ap coae xaoc aapx. Pocc ocaea a epe a xaoco aapxe. Capa ac oepa c pace aope. B ee e ep, o pe o aope ee ee oee a. B apo paeca e ep oopea eo ao coyc ea ea ceepaoo pa. Hooe epao-eopaecoe paeco, oopoe po a cey oce epacoo epeopo, pooaco oeee yae p, eee aaa paa, oopx e o ao opaye c, e o ep apaae acc. Bpeeoe paeco ooo co ae a ypeeoe copae, ee oopoo o opepc peao, oo aocepe paoe, xaoca aapx xoeo aopooo yca pooa oy o oeoo oa, o pe a coa oo ea c poa pepa oy aoay oy . ooee peeoo paeca o acoo e ecxo, o p oo eo cpoo cy o. Kepec eoeo peo ee epo ca. Hoa cx peo, ocoeo peo coao oo, e oy opecoa yepex, epax, yaapx . p eopa o po , a o e ca, a e peooo ox. B pooy oxy oea pax po, coe cocoe aype. Too aypa oa ocao poecc ooaeoo paoe opeca xaoca aapx. Hyo o yoac acca a oy, o oopx acc coacc opaoac cpoac, y apaae co. B o oe oe, ao oooe e, oaac eceo co, oopa c oo copo oa oo paoee capoo c pyo cpo opaoa ooe. Too oe oaac coco oae ooee, oo o cooecoa acco ca pea coooe. o eaoec ocooac ce.

oe ocooac ce coeo opeca. O ocooac ecce epa-eopaeco ac, eooc ee co cpee yoaec . O ocooac oeo eoooco ae ec oy, aoc oopo eaeo yep, eeae coa pooa oy, o pooac p. O ocooac eycpoeoco eooco pec epea c e peca, papy oca eoaa ococa op. O oooac pycc pa ec ypae cepxy , eco epo eopa, oopo e o ao, pooac aypy, oee cxoy co cap . O ocooac coca pycco y, o ce pooooo ceyppoaoy ypyaoy oecy, ee peooco, ee oao acao, ee cae coao pa apca oeo a ee, ee cocooc epa epeoy ece paa, o ae poe pyoc ecooc, ocooac pycc eccao, cea ocac, xo eccoaeo ope, pycco epo ocoe y Pocc. O ocooac copec pacoo ey apoo yyp coe, apo eoepe ee c eoc papo ee, ey e oyc. O a ce pyccoe eecoe ceaco pyccoe apoeco, peopa x coaco peoa oo ox. O cooecoa ocyc pycco apoe pcx o o coceoc ypyax opoeex, coocoa pyccoy oey, eey peoe op. O ocooac pyee apapxaoo a apoe paoee capx peox epoa. O ae aa acceo acaa cepxy oy a, a o coe pe ea . O opa coo eoea, oope pae eec apoy, oope, pee epxx yypx coe oeca a ope apo coce e copac opoc. O pooac oaeoc eocoo, oaapoo pocoepa, ococyeo epoye, o cooecoao aa opeoc pyccoo apoa epe coax, ypax . Pycca ya e coa cey e eee ceo cooecye ceec epa. Hapoa ya ee ceo oa epe o eoco ep pyo eoco epe, pyo opooc, oxaae c .

Pocc epea o capoo cpeeeo, y y oo op, c x ceypae, epeae pax oace yyp, c x epao yao, c opeco ypya aacecoo xoca. ao capoe ceoe pyccoe apco opaoaoc ooe, oe ceoe apco, opaa eopa. pooo yeoe pepaee. Mapc, co e pyccoo pocxoe e pyccoo xapaepa, popeae pycc c, c oco, o pac caocy. ae capa caoca ea o epeece co eepypa Mocy, Kpe, ocyecea pac oy. pycc oy o pooaae capy e caoo ocoecoo ex Oiente lux. Moc, Kpe cxo ce, oop oe poce ypyay y aaa. Bece c e oy coae ecoecoe popaecoe ocyapco, paoe ococoa a ce apoa, e oo a eo, o a yo apoa, coac c pa oaa pooo apco ac. Pycc peopae apc pooaae ococo o a ooo, cy ac e a yoo xocey cpa. B cox paox, cea aapx aax, oy ocnooac pycco cooc poeepcy aaepcy, oope pa e o ce peaoa, eep e oy oooc paecoo pee. e xoe oe pyccy e, paoay apco peoc pao, oe Oooa Pya, x . o ooeoe eo o-oy ey yaoc. pooa eaopoa: aepaa pyccx e, paoa ooo a paa, y oopoo eaeoc aaepco epeo eo, cpoeco, ex, popaa ooo a. Ho y caac ocoeoc pycco y, apoe epoa oy ooe apaee. Pycce pece ceac ooc ae, a oey. Texa e ec oeoe eo, poaecoe co poe aa , oa pepaaec cy caec c aa o ocecoo epeopoa. Pycc oy c oe o pe ec ee oe ocoe, o ocee e ec opaae. Hecxaa pa, oopy pecae coo coec cpo, oe paceoy cyy, coo ee oc. oco oopo, o aoee coepeo opaoaoe ypeee, coaoe ep oo peo oya, ec ... (pae ea), . e. opa ocyapceo o, ecpaeo oee paec, e cy aapo capoo pea, aaa co ay ae a epoe ea. Ho paoc ecooc coeco ac e ee aeo c c coao-ooeco cceo oya. Moo c oy ooeco coe c eoeoc coo. o peoaae o yx y .

4.

Pyccoe oycecoe ocyapco ec ece ceac pe oaapoo ocyapca, ocoaoo a aype pocoepa, a opoocao ope oaeo ceo apoa. Koy Pocc p opy paeo aa, oxaaeo ee ca opoo cpa, o coae oe coaco co cap pa pycco ocyapceoc. Capa pycca aopaeca oapx ea op peox epoax apoa, oa ce coaaa opaaa, a eopa, a ceoe apco. Hooe pyccoe oycecoe ocyapco oe aopao oe ee op epoax apoa, ox epoax paoe-peccx acc, oo oe coae ce opaae, a ceoe apo, a opay eopa. Capa pycca oapx ooac a opoocao pocoepa, peoao coac c . Hooe pyccoe oycecoe ocyapco oe ooc a opoooao pocoepa peye ee c oe pyeoc coac c . Ceoe apcao cea ec aypa pocoepa, ea peye opoc, cea epae epeo. Toaapoc, peoae eoco ep, a oco apca, cooecye yo peoo-coa ca apoa. Coecoe oycecoe apco ee ooe cxoco o coe yxoo ocpy c ococ paoca . B e o e yye. XIX e Pocc e eoc, paoe, o eo coox ca peo. Peo coaa oaapoe oycecoe apco, o apce yac peoo yx, ce cooe ca. B apce o eaec o e ceo apoa ocyapceoy . Pycc a e cea opao copoo pycc aapx. Koyceca peo ocooaac coe pe aapxec ca, o oa pa paey ay, oaey coe poee pyccx aapxecx .

Pycc apo e ocyec coe eccaco e o Mce, a Tpee Pe. Peo paco XVII ea oapy, o ococoe apco e ec Tpe P. Meee ceo, oeo, eepypca ep a ocyecee e Tpeo Pa. B e pooo ooaeoe paoee. Meccaca e pyccoo apoa pa aoae . eoe cye pyccoo apoa coe. Beco Tpeeo Pa, Pocc yaoc ocyec Tpe epaoa a Tpe epaoa epe oe ep Tpeeo Pa. Tpe epaoa ec oe ceoe apco oo oe ocoao a opoocao epe. Ha aae oe oxo oa, o Tpe epaoa ec e epaoa, a pycca aoaa e. o ec pacopa pyccoo eccaa. aae oyc, pae Tpeev epapay, pa yey po. O e oa, o pcoec Tpeey epaoay, o pcoec pyccoy apoy ocyec eo eccac pae. cxa, a a payco oyceco copa o payc oyc oop: Mapc caa, o y paox e oeeca, o o epo, o ceac ye e epo, o e oeeco o Pocc, o Moca, paoe o aa coe oeeco. o coepeo epo oo o c coao. pooo o, eo Mapc aae apcc e o pee, pooo a ooecee yx eccao, eccaa pyccoo apoa eccaa poeapaa. Pycc paoe-pecc apo ec poeapa, ec poo poeapa, o payo o ae, eaec pycc apoo, ece pe apoo. o eccacoe coae, paoee poeapcoe, copooaec o caoc ooee aay. aa o ooecec c ypyae . Haoaa pyccoo oya, o oopo ce ceecy, ee co coo o a, o oy ocyecec oo cpae, Pocc, oycecoe apco opyeo ypya, aacec ocyapca. Koyceca peo oo cpae eeo ee aoay aoaceco eyapoo . M, apep, , o coecoe paeco opao oee ceac epecyec c c payc paeco, e c c payc oyca. Too Tpo ocaec epaoaco, pooae yepa, o oy oo cpae e ocyec, peye poo peo. ooy o epy, oaac ey, e cooecy ocpyoy aoaoy epoy oyceco . B coeco Pocc oop o coaceco oeece eo xo aa, o eo oo epoa . Ho coacecoe oeeco e ce a e Pocc Pocc oe epe oae apo apo. o apo ec a ooe, o aoa oe p opaee . Oacoc co copo o epa ype pycc apo. opaee coeco Pocc o opaee oya, opaee poo e, oopy oeae pycc apo.

e a, co opaa ox e aaa, ec oe eeapa poaeca e. Pocc cpaa ycpao . Heoxoo o o o cao ee . Ha aae o pocxoo o ao aaa a oo o . Ho Pocc ycpaa oa poxo o ao oya. p oyceco pee o oo cea coa ya ycpaa, pepa ee po o, peo peaoc cy, coa o ee. Ho ce o pcxo e oo p oo yaa, o, c oopeca, o ye eppopa ... Hapo ocae peocy acoc o ooe . Koycec cpo epexooo epoa ec cpo peoco. Bope Mpcy ypyao oeco oo, ya, o poeoe pae oe ooo p oye. p capo pee aaceea poeoc Pocc paaac oyee . Heopae ooece ao ya ypyao oeco oo. Tax aoo e cyecye, Mapc copy ao, xo e o . ycpaa Pocc o oycec peo ya oa oa pya, oa cxeca cpyypa, yo, o oc o oe eoe. coa o oo cxeco cpyyp ooo eoea pycc oy cea opooe . cxooec o cea oe aoea, e ooec. ooc ooe ooee ooe, oopoe oaaoc coco c yao oac ocyece eeo aa, oopoe oae aay ooecoo pa e a epec, a a coaoe cyee.

B Pocc o ee o cea, e cpaax aaa, e ypyaa cxoo aaceca a yc yoe op. ae pycc ye capoo pea, oop aac ec y eac oepo, coe a o pexo, aaa o pex ea cee y o pyo , apep, o cpaece oaece. ooy ae o e ox aepao opaoa ypya aao-epoecoo a. Booo ae, o ypyaoc Poc oc eo oce oyceco peo. Pycc apo oa e ypya, o e e ypyax pepaccyo e ooc ypya opoee opa. Ho oacoc oypyaa oe ca coeco Poc. Ha ya oyceco ooe coacecoy cpoecy oa peoa ep pyccoo apoa. c a peoa ep cc, o cce yya oc ypeco oe oooe p oye.

Ho e a e ocyece ce-a apca coaa, o ocyece ocyapce . Bce eoc pac e epec paox, e eoc eoea eoeecoo pya, a ca ocyapca, eo oeca o. Koy epo caa e e ocoa oe pecac pooee ea epa . Coeca ac ec e oo ac oyceco nap, peeye ocyec coay pay, oa ae ocyapco ee oey ppoy coo ocyapca, oa aepecoaa ae ocyapca eo ooeco pa, e oopoo ac oe ac. Bco ac pcy c caocoxpae, oopoe oe ca ao eo. Ca ocyapce ocooo, aacoo a. Ca, . E. oy epoa cpoeca, epepoaec eaeo coeopa pycc a. Ey pcy ce ocoeoc aa: oapoe ocyapco, ocyapcse aa, aoa, o , a ac, apoaa . e e ee aopo copeeo cce coa. Ca ye o-aop copeeo, acco cce. o oeoy coey ccy pocxo poecc ec poecc epa, copae pycco apoa o aee oya.

eooec ooyc opaeo coeco ac. a ac, aaa ce ecooc eceoee, c po, oa ep apo cpax cax. Ho ay yy o ecea ac, oa xo a-y ay Pocc o pox e . Beaoe aee coeco ac, e cyecoa opaoao c, oopa oocoa a p ac e oppeo, a opecoo pa, cxoeo coax peyao peo, pecaa ae oacoc Pocc poa pxe. o yo caa o aopa coeco, a oo o caa o aopa oapxeco. B Pocc pacae e oo oycee, o coeco apo, oop ec poco pycc apo. Ho apo eoo apoa oe, epo ey poy cc oo apoa, ae o ye aoa poa, ay e pox . Mcc pyccoo apoa coaec, ocyecee coao pa eoeeco oece, oo Pocc, o ce pe. o coaco c pycc pa. Ho yaco, o o ocyece coao pa accopyec c ae, pecye, ecoc o, yaco o. Oa eopaa cepoa coecx poecco, oopx ooeo cea oo o e ope ac, oe y opaee o ce ccee.

5.

Xapaep pycco peo ao, oa pooa co coeopax ycox, o eooec e o cooecoa oe paoppoa apc eo copoy pooooy eepy. Mapco ooac, o oaa eoooc Pocc poeapco coaceco peo. Ec eceo ooa eeppye ec coa poecc, o ooec ocao Pocc yo ee a pa aaceco ycp oo pacca a ypyay, a e poeapcy . Tao coacecoo eepa. Ho pycca peo oa ye, ceecy o o, o e ce eppoao ooo. o coeco Pocc oac oa oco apca-ea. Oa pooae ca ce apccco ocoe, o apccco ocoe ox poeapcx . Mapc ee epax ypyaoo aacecoo oeca, oopo eceo ce o eeppoao ooo e pacpaac cooa. Ho Mapc ec y, pooe cae apca eoxooc apco coo oo oa aec acoa cop, oopo eoe coa, oeo, eoe e ye eeppoa ooo, o ye ca eeppoa ooy. pyccx oyco o pe acyo, aoo x . O coa ce ye apce coo, o e aaceco pe, o cx poeapcx peo, oopo ee e a Mapc. o e opeec ooo, e ac o eoxooc aacecoo pa, o ca coe peooo aoco pee, a xo, ooy. O ycy cee cy peooo aoc e e oo Pocc, o ec p. ooa coeca oco aec a ooe cooae aeecoy aepay. Ocoo aeope ee ec aeop caoe[5].

co e e yp, a e oe e, ye o ee cpe, a yae exaec aepa. Maep pcya acoa cooa, ee epax ec co aoc, ee cpey. Ha aep epeocc coca ya cooa, aoc, pay, . e. pocxo cpyaa aep. B coeco ococo coaceco epaype ocoo oopec, o aoe e pooee c, . e. ooecoe pae, a poocee ooe, . e. opa acco peooa aoc poeapaa. Peooa aoc poeapaa ec caoee, oa e ac o cpe, o oo, oa epeeae cpey opeee o coey ooy. Xo ocpo oco aa, oopo aepa exaec ooec oe eaop. oco aa poeeeca, aeca oco ec, oeo, oco yxa, a-o o y xe, a e oco aepaceca. Ho o yxe apeeo oop oeco oco, aepa ocaec ce . ooy aep yo pa xapaep aoo yxa, o ac cea, acy oy ocooy . Maepa eaeo pepac coeopa ea cpya. e y caoo Mapca, ocoeo paeo Mapca, a ye oop, yee o x oeece e aae aao ocoae aoo opae. aeec aepa ec eeoe coocoeae. Maep, cocoe cooe aoo, e oe pcya aea. aea peoaae cyecoae ooca, cca, pacpaeoc aeeco pa, aea oe pcya c yxy, a e aep. aeec aepa pye ep ooc cao aep, cc pacpac pa aepax pooex c, . e. paoaoc ppaoax poecco. Coeca oco ec ocyapcea opoocaa oco, oa oae oyae epeo. Opooc aaec yepe aeecoo aepaa, eepao oco. pec c yepee aep c ceoee ae yepee ae c ceoee aep. epa epec ec exacec aepa, peae yxap eoop ececea, opa epec npecaea eop, yc ea.

Hyo yepa aey, oopa, pooa yepa aepa, ec peooa, ayaceca oco. oec o eooo, o cxooec o eoxoo. Opooca aeec aepa, pa oooc caoe, coo peoooo poeapaa, epepoa epa oeo oyceco ap. Ca, oop e co ococo yyp ee oae oco, e ooe coece oco, cpe oopx ec ae , pooc epxo cy a e, aa oco ca. Tae ep ye pa cye ococo ce. Taoo coco ayp pocoepa ocoaoo a e aopapoo . Coeca oco ec oco coaoo aa. Tao ec e e yy, a coa . O ceoy. eo e oae ae ao ppo, eeoc oopx oec ocoe ypyao ay oo. Mapccca oco exaoa, Kaycoo eeo oec ypyao, poceeo. Coeca oco poooo poceey aepay XVIII ea. Bce opeeec ee e poceee c, e ceo paya, a aae o, peooo aeco o. oco oa e oaa oo p, o epeea p, coaa o p. Beee eopeeco c ocoy cepy, coae ac yex aaeo ec ocoe ypyaoo pa. Teopeec pay oe coee c paec payo. ococa paoa oa coeea c pyo, c coa cpoeco, oa eo ocya. Coeca oco xo a. ca, p o acoa ca, oac aoc, ope, pye. Taeca aa peooo o peoaae cyecoae peaoo pa, a oop coepaec a, a eo e. o ec eoxooe peacecoe peooee, oopoe epeeo xo aa aepacec peooee. Coae opeeec e pocxo . Ho e cc aepa, xo aep cc o cpyacec. ococe cop, oope coeco Pocc pooac ee o oo eaac, ec ocyee opoco e coo c o pe c , coo c o pe opoc epec, . e. c copee eooec, e ococ copa.

oco aa peoaae eee oa . Mapc-e aeec aepa ox poeapcx peo coey ooy oa coo. eceo oycecoe oae coo oe oaec o ox oa. ooy pycce oyc cpeo oyac, oa oop, o coeco Pocc e coo. Paccaa ao cya. O coec ooo eoe pexa a ecoo ece o pa, o epyc oo opao coecy Pocc. K oy eo pea eo cpoc, aoe y eo ocaoc eaee o . O oe: o cpae e coo. Eo coece c yee ey opaae: o oope, pa cpaa coo, a cooe ya, o xoe, ea xoe, o y ac e ao coo. Toa ooo eoe o coe oae coo: o pa e coo coec ooo eoe e axac ooy, o e eooo e , cpo oy ; a aaea cooa e aoa, o ce ocaec ee, a e oxo a peecy, oo cepa ay ee cepca, o eo o oo e eec. ooy eoey, pexaey Pocc, o pa cyo. B coeco e, oyceco Pocc ec acoa cooa, ooy o a e oo e Pocc ae ceo pa, oo ce epecpaa, o e e oxo a pyo. Ka ooo eoe ycye ce cpoee ooo pa.

Mp ca ace eo oo e oe . eo o oee ceo coae ooe. Ka ce ycye yaco oeo ea, eeo pooe aee. ooea e opo a coe coceoe cyecoae, a opo a epeycpoco pa. Ty cooa oaec e a cooa opa, e a cooa oepy apao aeo, a a aoe eee , a a, coepae e ya, a coa eoeo, oce o, a op cea. Cooa opa paaae ocae ep. Hacoa coaea cooa acyae oce oo, a op cea eoe ec opeeeo apae. Too aa cooa, cooa oeoo cpoeca eepao oyceco ap, paec coeco Pocc. eo a cooa oaaec ayao . payca coa ocepaa, oa eae coaoy epeycpocy oeca, oa ceac oy, o a xoe, o eo oca ooe. Cooy yo, oeo, oa a opecy ep, a a e p. Ho ec ceo a oa cooy e e oo, o ypee peecy aoy ay, ao peaa opeco ep, o eeo opae co coec, coo c. , o pyco oyceco apce coepeo opaec cooa coec c. oe coo oocc ceo oeoy, a e oy coa. oc e ee coo o ooe coaoy oy, oa e ee o coec oo . oc cooa aaec ceo ee pcocoeoc oey. Ho oc, pcocoac cac c oeo, oyae opoy cooy ooe o cey ocaoy py. Cooa coec pee ceo peoo coec peoaae, o oc ec yxooe aa, e acee o oeca. oo oy, oeo, e . M y ceye ae, o eo apco ecap apco oe coaa ooecc. ooy oye a aepaceco ocoe eeo oaee oc. Peooa oyceca opa eeo oaac ecoao oy opeoy eoey, ey. ya eoe paccapaec, a p y cpoeca oycecoo oeca, o ec cpeco.

B oye ec opooe, epoe oe coacoe c xpcaco oae aoo eoea, a cye cepxo e, a cye e cee, a eoy eoy. Ho a epa e caaec opae caoceo eoc ococa ao eoeeco oc, ee yxoo . B oye e ae epa e, o eoe pa coee c py peypoa opaoa coay ocecy . Ho pycco oye a e, aea cee aoe paaoe paee y xpcoo ce H.eopoa[6], pa o aaae op pepaae eoea opye cpeco peo. Bce pae opeec e coo coao-ooeco cceo oya, coo eo o yxo. Cooa yxa opaec e ooo, oopa ecca ooe yxy, a yxo e, yxo pae ooe. Bocy yxoopec aepa oya ec ee yxa, a e aep, ec oa apaeoc yxa. Koyceca ooa caa o cee oe . o oyceca pe, a e ooa, paea xpcacy, yxy, cooe. paa o a epeee oye eo ooy, o oy ec e oo coa eoe, o eoe yxo. B ee ecaccooo, pyooo oeca, oopo a paoae pyx cex, cepxo e, e aaec oa oa, yxa, coo ae aopo, a e oee coaca c xpcaco, e e, a oopo ocoao ypyaoe aacecoe oeco. Ho coee o e c o pocoepae, opa yx cooy, ee poo . eo peo xapaep oya, eo pe oya eae eo apeoa axpcac. Koycecoe oeco ocyapco peey oaap. Ho o ec ocoa o. Toaap oe apco oe, apco ecap cea aco. oya apco ecap caoc apco o, coepeo ae a epaco aoa-coae, o oee oceoaeo paao. o o ae eeoc yxoo op. Poo oo ec paa o yxoo ope xapaep op coao, aae capoe aacecoe, ypyaoe oeco cp pe. o eae ecco opy po oya. Bec p e a capx aacecx oec, peooe yxa x oxoeo. ee coay coay oaeoy poo, e opepco cce ec pooe ee. o poo epeo ooy oecy, opa oopoo ee e ce, coepaec epe epexoe ca. Tao epexoo cae ec o, o aa ca, peypoa, ocyapce aao. o e poecc, copooac acoae ocyapca. B coeco Pocc ca, oopa e ec ee coa, oe apcy ape pa acooo ocyapca. B o, o pocxo coeco Pocc, ec oo eeapoo, eeapoo poa paoe-peccx acc, xox coco epaooc. B e eo ceec oycecoo. Ho poecc poa coepaec epe aey acc co peoo- xpcaco, coo apccc-o. Heopa, oee ec o, o poee acc a pocxo p coepeo papoe capo pycco . Peo, o oopo ee cea eaa, oaaac ee o. o opeeoc pe pacoo pycco cop, eo pacoo ee apoa, a ae eccoeco eaoe, epe oopy oe pycce oyc. Ho o peo oy, o oaa cpa eocao eecx c. Pycc oy, ec y a eo ye, cee pycco copeco cy, ec eopa pycco e, pyccoo eccaa yepcaa, pyccoo ca apca pa, pycco e, pe aocepe o paoe ypoe op. Ho pycc oy oee ca c pa, e o oo o e ya, pa e oo xopo, o oe ox.




B eee 25 e pa pycco epo a eooec pycc ocyapco ae oep-poypop C.Coa K... yxo oe capo oapxeco Pocc ox yaa. e yxo oe oo oyceco Pocc. O oo e ococoa oooeo peo poecce, a oce peo pa Pocce. oeooce e peca opo pooooe e. Ho ec cxoco x yeo cpyype, o o oo paea ooy oy e y. oeooce oee aeae, epec eoeo, e o o e ya, oa opaa ae ceo a eo peaoy oy. oa-o xapaepoa poopee oeoocea a a peoo oe. O co ooe eoey py, o acoo e ep eoea, ca eoeecy ppoy eaeo ypo oo. eo paoaoc pepeoe yeoe ooee eeeco , pa. o ooee pacpocpaoc y eo a ecoo, c oop o e eo, a oep-poypop C.Coa. O pep ecoo, oaac e x ae-o eoeece yxoe aeca ca, o pecae ocyapceo ac oe ypa . Ka oep-poypop C.Coa o o epo ocyapy, ooy o e ep eoeece aeca epapx p. eoe a eaeo ox, o eceoe cacee epa eo eox pyaax. eoey e aa coo. Too ace pyee oapxeco ocyapceoc oo epa p. coeo eep eoea, coeo cecoo ooe py oeooce cea pae peaoe o. oeooce ep oa, o y co epy oa e o epeec a coe ooee eoey py. B coe o o eoe, pope peya eoo opa, , o poaeo ee, oc coe e, coce e cpe ooe ey. O e aeo, eoeeca, yaoc, popecc, cooy, paeco p. B e e oe cxoco c e? e oe e ep eoea, y eo o cecoe ooee py. eo o ecoe pepee eoey o ae e cacee o, o epa eoea eox pyaax. Ka oeooce, o ya, o paoa e oo pyee ace. Ka oeooce pepa epoy epapx, a oopo ococoa, a e pepa epapx peooy, a oopo ococoa, o oac o oycax c eaeco e ep x eoeece aeca. e oeooce oaoo ep ypoy, pyey opaa e, a ece xo. eco e oe opaoao a, o eaeo oxo eoeec aepa oepc ypoe p yco oeceo . e oe ya, o p eoe opae pexo, eo o pex cyaa eoea eoeo, pex accox . e e ep eoeecy ppoy, cee aao eoee, o o e ep oa, a ep oeooce. Ho o ep yyy , e oycopo, a occopo yyy , ooe oycecoe oeco, oopoe eo aeo oa, ep oey poeapaa, oop eo Ho pae. Ho oycecoe oeco ocyecc e cy aeca e, a cy ypo, pye, opaa. Koyceca ocyapceoc y ea co e aopapa aopaa, a oapxeca ocyapceoc y oeoocea. eep eoea, cecoo ooe pa e cea opa o, o pae peoo. Oaoo oo cea pae peao pae peoo o. Ho pa ceo a yco o ea . B coe o e, a oeooce, e o eoe, e o e ao opoy, o eoeecoe ooee co . e ee, epe. O e opo. cy Pocc pyccoo apoa opaeo, o o peo Pocce pa eoe, oop e ep eoea e cecoe ooee py, oce peo pa eoe, oop oe e ep eoea e cecoe ooee py. o oe coo ooe . Pycca ac e e ca eoeo opao copoo oo ec pycc aapx. Hcecoe ooee py eoey ec paea opa aceecoo . oy oxo ocee poee, poee peoo, ooe ey oyo paocae.

 

[..] | [] | [ ""]
2001,

 



[1] payp o pycco oye opoa, o a a o pyp e pecae ocoeo eoc. Oey : ene Fullop-Mille Gelst und Gesicht des Bolschevlsmus; Valdema Guian Le Bolchevisme; J.Malapate Le bonhomme Lenine; Fedo Sten Des Anlits usslands und das Gesicht de evolution; c: p yp, Tܻ 30, , 1931; , , 1931; , . 1931; 34, ap 1932.

[2] . J.Makaparte: Le bonhommt Lenine.

[3] C. cop .

[4] C. y . e Mecp Consideations su la Fance.

[5] . .. Aopc o cya paco poeccyp o peae oea, 1931 .

[6] C. H.eoo oeo ea.